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A study conducted in Indonesia asks the questions, “(i) What is the forest economic contribution in and around a forest restoration concession? (ii) How do household socio-economic characteristics (including ethnicity) determine forest use within the forest restoration concession?” (Widianingsih, Theilade, & Pouliot, 2016, 22).
The article finds a strong link between ethnicity and livelihood. Indigenous households in Indonesia rely more heavily on traditional uses of forested areas, and poorer households demonstrate greater dependence on forest-related income. In Indonesia, Batin Sembilan is the poorest and most marginalized ethnic group. In the study, this ethnic group also shows the highest forest dependency and absolute forest income. Therefore, even with forest conversion, the way of life for many indigenous groups of people remains largely unchanged. This should inform the need for forest restoration activities to take into account the livelihoods of indigenous households.
How can forest restoration activities address the dependence of indigenous households on forest-related income? What are some of the ways in which restoration activities could facilitate diversification of income for these indigenous households? How will restoration improve the quality of life for these groups of people?
Read more here.
Widianingsih, N. N., Theilade, I., & Pouliot, M. (2016). Contribution of forest restoration to rural livelihoods and household income in Indonesia. Sustainability (Switzerland), 8(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/su8090835
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